Under Rule 34, production that is not ‘naturally organized’ must be labeled
The court granted a motion to compel, finding that disorganized ESI did not satisfy FRCP 34; it ordered amendment of all non-conforming productions.
Production of emails in PDF format violates Rule 34 and the court’s order
Despite being ordered to comply with FRCP 34, the plaintiffs continued to produce emails in PDF rather than native format, leading to sanctions.
Native-format production appropriate under Rule 34 and parties’ agreement
The court compelled production of files in native format, citing Rule 34, the parties’ agreement, and the potential relevance of native-format files.
Produced PDF files ‘are merely pictures’ that lack critical metadata
Where the plaintiff failed to comply with FRCP 34, producing PDFs that lacked critical metadata, the court ordered production of native-format ESI.
Court Weighs Questions On Scope Of Discovery
In this fraudulent inducement claim, the magistrate considered the permissible scope of discovery for the parties’ cross-motions to compel.