Just what is electronically stored information or ESI? And what do you need to do with it when it comes to corporate e-discovery?
Document review, the most expensive stage of ediscovery, uses teams of lawyers to determine what ESI is relevant, responsive, or privileged.
Ediscovery and ediscovery software is an ever-evolving world, full of complexities and technical challenges.
Proportionality limits the scope of discovery. FRCP 26 lists six factors to determine whether information is proportional to the needs of the case.
More Content From Our Series
We define preservation, covering what, why, and when parties must preserve ESI for discovery — and the sanctions for spoliation if they don’t.
Data mapping enables organizations to prepare for the demands of ediscovery data management by locating and characterizing the types of ESI they use.
Optical character recognition (OCR) identifies letters and numbers in image- or paper-based discovery, converting it to searchable electronic text.
What is cooperation in ediscovery? Learn why collaborative ediscovery is required by the FRCP, how it controls costs, and why preparation is critical.
Blockchain technology creates a distributed chronological ledger of transactions; this permanent record may affect record retention and ediscovery.
Scope is the extent of discovery that the parties agree to provide in a case, determined both by FRCP 26(b)(1) and the individual case’s parameters.
Bates numbering assigns a unique sequential identifier — numeric or alphanumeric — to every page or file in a discovery production for easy reference.
Collection supports the earlier stage of preservation, as collected data is available for later stages of discovery and will not be inadvertently deleted or modified.
Technology-assisted review (TAR), also known as computer-assisted review (CAR), uses artificial intelligence (AI) to expedite and simplify ediscovery.