Data mapping enables organizations to prepare for the demands of ediscovery data management by locating and characterizing the types of ESI they use.
Optical character recognition (OCR) identifies letters and numbers in image- or paper-based discovery, converting it to searchable electronic text.
What is cooperation in ediscovery? Learn why collaborative ediscovery is required by the FRCP, how it controls costs, and why preparation is critical.
Blockchain technology creates a distributed chronological ledger of transactions; this permanent record may affect record retention and ediscovery.
Scope is the extent of discovery that the parties agree to provide in a case, determined both by FRCP 26(b)(1) and the individual case’s parameters.
Bates numbering assigns a unique sequential identifier — numeric or alphanumeric — to every page or file in a discovery production for easy reference.