In this computer hacking case, the court concluded that one defendant blatantly and intentionally spoliated critical evidence.
In this wrongful death case, the court imposed FRCP 37(e) sanctions, finding that spoliation caused prejudice, but denied an adverse inference.
In this case, the court found that the defendants spoliated evidence but denied sanctions, finding neither prejudice nor an intent to deprive.
In this discrimination case, the Seventh Circuit affirmed spoliation sanctions against the defendant but also affirmed summary judgment in its favor.
The court imposed monetary sanctions under FRCP 37 for the plaintiff’s unintentional spoliation of text messages, which prejudiced the defendant.
In this contract claim, the court imposed the rare sanction of dismissal for the plaintiffs’ intentional spoliation and alteration of evidence.