In this computer hacking case, the court concluded that one defendant blatantly and intentionally spoliated critical evidence.
In this wrongful death case, the court imposed FRCP 37(e) sanctions, finding that spoliation caused prejudice, but denied an adverse inference.
In this case, the court found that the defendants spoliated evidence but denied sanctions, finding neither prejudice nor an intent to deprive.
In this discrimination case, the Seventh Circuit affirmed spoliation sanctions against the defendant but also affirmed summary judgment in its favor.
In Hefter Impact Techs., LLC v. Sport Maska, Inc., the court partially awarded the plaintiff sanctions citing the defendant's poor preservation.
Case summary - HCC Ins. Holdings, Inc. v. Flowers - Court denied sanctions because the plaintiff failed to prove the defendant had confidential info