Bates numbering assigns a unique sequential identifier — numeric or alphanumeric — to every page or file in a discovery production for easy reference.
Document review, the most expensive stage of ediscovery, uses teams of lawyers to determine what ESI is relevant, responsive, or privileged.
Proportionality limits the scope of discovery. FRCP 26 lists six factors to determine whether information is proportional to the needs of the case.
The legal hold process in ediscovery ensures that ESI is preserved for litigation. This article breaks down the basics of legal or litigation holds.