Data mapping enables organizations to prepare for the demands of ediscovery data management by locating and characterizing the types of ESI they use.
Optical character recognition (OCR) identifies letters and numbers in image- or paper-based discovery, converting it to searchable electronic text.
What is cooperation in ediscovery? Learn why collaborative ediscovery is required by the FRCP, how it controls costs, and why preparation is critical.
Blockchain technology creates a distributed chronological ledger of transactions; this permanent record may affect record retention and ediscovery.
Scope is the extent of discovery that the parties agree to provide in a case, determined both by FRCP 26(b)(1) and the individual case’s parameters.
Bates numbering assigns a unique sequential identifier — numeric or alphanumeric — to every page or file in a discovery production for easy reference.
Collection supports the earlier stage of preservation, as collected data is available for later stages of discovery and will not be inadvertently deleted or modified.
Document review, the most expensive stage of ediscovery, uses teams of lawyers to determine what ESI is relevant, responsive, or privileged.
Proportionality limits the scope of discovery. FRCP 26 lists six factors to determine whether information is proportional to the needs of the case.
Technology-assisted review (TAR), also known as computer-assisted review (CAR), uses artificial intelligence (AI) to expedite and simplify ediscovery.
The EDRM is both a framework for approaching the ediscovery process, from preservation to presentation, and a community of ediscovery thought leaders.
A trigger event occurs when a party can reasonably anticipate litigation; it initiates the duty to preserve potentially relevant evidence.