Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 26(b)
Proportionality limits the scope of discovery. FRCP 26 lists six factors to determine whether information is proportional to the needs of the case.
The court imposed monetary sanctions against the defendant for multiple rule violations: late, incomplete production with an inadequate privilege log.
The court denied a motion to compel as disproportionate and unduly burdensome, as it failed to establish that earlier searches were unreasonable.
In this wrongful termination case, Tingle v. Hebert, the court partially granted the defendant’s motion to compel the plaintiff to produce personal data.
In class-action employment case Williams v. Angie's List, the court finds that information ‘possessed’ by a party is subject to e-discovery.