The court declined spoliation sanctions where there was no evidence that the defendants anticipated litigation or that lost data couldn’t be replaced.
In Hefter Impact Techs., LLC v. Sport Maska, Inc., the court partially awarded the plaintiff sanctions citing the defendant's poor preservation.
In this wrongful termination case, Tingle v. Hebert, the court partially granted the defendant’s motion to compel the plaintiff to produce personal data.
Relying on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and its inherent authority, a court imposed default judgment for data destruction in OmniGen v. Wang.
In People v. Miller, the Colorado Supreme Court fined and publicly censured attorney Randall Miller for failing to promptly disclose deleted emails.